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Mortal and Venial Sins

The Catholic Church teaches that there are two categories of sin: mortal sin and venial sin. Venial sins hurt our relationship with God, but do not sever it. Mortal sins, however, concern grave matter, and an act of mortal sin will cut us off from God - from heaven - unless we repent.

There are three conditions necessary for a sin to be mortal:
1) It must concern grave matter, such as the Ten Commandments.
2) It must be performed with full knowledge that the act is wrong
3) It must be performed with full consent - the person freely chooses to commit it (not done by accident or due to physical coercion)

  • Salvation - See "Scripture Part IV" and "Tradition Part II" regarding losing salvation (scripturecatholic.com)
  • Mortal Sin - Brief introduction and quotes by the early Church Fathers (catholic.com)
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