In Matthew 16:18-19 Jesus says to the apostle Simon that "you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church; and the gates of Hades will not overpower it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you bind on earth shall have been bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall have been loosed in heaven."
Catholics believe that Jesus was appointing Simon the first pope and changing his name to Peter to reflect his new role, with the power to bind and loose; essentially appointing a human shepherd over his flock. Catholics can trace their line of popes all the way back to Peter.
- Peter and the Papacy - Nihil Obstat and Imprimatur (catholic.com)
- Was Peter the First Pope? - by Fr. William Saunders (catholiceducation.org)
- The Church: Peter the Rock [11 min] - an audio reading of the catholic.com explanation with relevant text displayed; by SeptemberCatholic18
- Peter the Rock - examines Matthew 16:18 and what it means for Jesus' Church; by ithcus777
- 10 Answers on St. Peter the Rock - Answers to 10 objections, most of which involve the Greek language; by Mario Derksen (catholicapologetics.info)
- Peter the Rock - a story involving a door-to-door missionary focused on this verse and its interpretation; by Karl Keating (catholic.com)
- Here is Peter - a conversion story centered on history, Protestant beliefs, and the importance of Peter's role in the Church; by Robert Fleming (catholic.com)
- Pope Fiction 01: Peter Was Not The First Pope? [28 min] - See episode 1 for Peter's history. Other episodes may also be relevant; by Patrick Madrid (ewtn.com)
- The Primacy of Peter - scripture and quotes by early Church Fathers (scripturecatholic.com)
- Origins of Peter as Pope - Nihil Obstat and Imprimatur - Quotes by early Church Fathers (catholic.com)
- Peter is the Rock - Quotes by modern Protestants who conclude that Jesus really did build his Church upon Peter (catholic.com)
- Peter, Apostle, Saint - all about Peter (oce.catholic.com)
- Was Peter in Rome? - answer to the claim that Peter could not have been Rome's first bishop because he never lived there (catholic.com)
- Peter's Roman Residency - quotes from early Church Fathers regarding Peter's residence in Rome (catholic.com)